Let us first understand what urinary tract infections are.
What are Urinary Tract Infections?
In a bladder infection, bacteria enter and develop inside the bladder. Sometimes the bacteria might enter the kidneys or the tubes that drain urine from the kidneys towards the bladder. Such conditions are all called urinary tract infections or UTIs. They are mostly found in women than in men.
Many UTIs can be easily cured using antibiotic drugs.
Now that you know what UTIs are let us understand the symptoms.
Symptoms of UTIs
The bladder infection’s symptoms tend to occur suddenly and involve:
- Burning sensation and painful urination
- Needing to urinate regularly
- Sudden urge to empty your bladder, known as urinary urgency
- Pain in your central lower abdomen, right above the pubic bone
- Blood in your urine
UTI’s symptoms that include the kidneys involve the following, along with the preceding ones:
- Pain in your back or sides that does not change when you change position
- Chills and fever
- Nausea and vomiting
Some symptoms and a UTI can mean you have a prostate infection (prostatitis). These involve:
- Problems “dribbling” or urinating
- Pain in your pelvis or the area between your scrotum (perineum) and rectum
Now that you know the symptoms let us understand some of the causes of UTIs.
What are the Causes of UTIs
Bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli) causes most UTIs, which are generally present inside your body. The bacterium enters into the urinary tract from the urethra. The urethra is a tube that drains urine from your bladder through your penis.
UTIs in men are more found with older age. One cause is that older men are likely to build noncancerous enlargement of their prostate gland, known as benign prostatic hyperplasia.
The prostate enfolds around the bladder’s neck, where the urethra links to the bladder. The prostate’s enlargement gland can choke off the bladder neck, making it difficult for urine to flow freely. If the bladder is not empty, bacteria naturally flushed out with the urine may gain a foothold.
Other factors that can put you at high risk for UTIs involve the below:
- Remaining immobile for long periods
- Not consuming adequate fluids
- Recent urinary tract surgery
- Staying uncircumcised
- Fecal incontinence
- Performing anal intercourse, which exposes the urethra to many bacteria
Now that you know the causes let us understand how the diagnosis happens.
Your urologist in Ambala will examine you and ask regarding signs of past infections to diagnose a UTI. You may be requested to give a urine sample to check for bacteria and pus. The pus’s presence strongly points to a UTI.
If your specialist suspects an enlarged prostate gland, they may perform a digital rectal exam. The specialist will use a gloved finger to feel your prostate gland through your rectum’s wall.
After the diagnosis, your urologist will suggest some treatments based on your UTI’s condition.
Treatment for UTIs
If you have a UTI, you will take antibiotic medicines. Based on the antibiotic type your urologist prescribes, you will have the pills either once or twice a day for five to seven or more days.
It is also vital to consume enough fluids. You may get tempted to decrease your fluid consumption if urinating is uncomfortable. Urination can assist flush the bacteria from your system. Stay hydrated and often urinate when taking your antibiotics.
Several individuals drink cranberry juice in UTIs in hopes of clearing the infection. Lab experiments showed that many substances in cranberry juice decreased bacteria count in the bladder. There is no authentic evidence that drinking cranberry juice in a UTI speeds recovery or eliminates the infection.
Recovering from UTIs
After taking antibiotics, you will feel better within two to three days. If your signs do not clear up after having antibiotics, consult your specialist.
It is essential to complete all antibiotics prescribed, even if you are feeling better.
Stopping your antibiotics prematurely can make the growing bacteria resistant to general antibiotics. Less than the full course of antibiotics affects the “weak” bacteria, leaving the stronger ones unaffected.
To prevent UTIs, the essential thing is to decrease the bacteria’s chance of invading your urinary tract. So, some steps that you can take involve the below:
- Urinate when you have the need. Do not “hold it in.”
- Drink enough water.
- While toileting, wipe from front to back.
- Keep your genital area dry and clean.
UTIs in men are less common than in women but have the same causes and treatment. Taking antibiotic medicines often clears the infection in five to seven days.
If you have prolonged UTIs, or UTIs that return regularly, you must visit your urologist. They will evaluate your conditions, which could be an infection in your prostate gland (prostatitis).